But Thap Pagoda (Chùa Bút Tháp) has the pen name of Ninh Phuc Tu. It is located in But Thap hamlet, Dinh To commune, Thuan Thanh district, Bac Ninh province. This is a quite untouched pagoda and it has a big architecture scale of North Delta.
According to the book of Ha Bac monograph, the pagoda was built in Tran Thanh Tong king time. Huyen Quang monk was a nun in this pagoda. He had the stone tower of 9 storey built with the lotus decorated (this tower is not available until today). Until 17th century, the pagoda is famous for the nun of superior Buddhist monk named Chuyet Chuyet (citizen of Fujianprovince of China). In 1644, the nun passed away and titled to be a great by the king.
Differently with other Vietnam heritage , the architecture of the pagoda is mainly the internal attack with outside support style. All the monuments face the South, traditional architecture of the Vietnamese. The pagoda is balanced in the centre area but very natural in the surrounding area. The centre area includes eight houses which are set in an axis which are three gates entrance, bell tower, forecourt, upper palace, Tich Thien Am palace, middle house, worshiping palace, and back of a mansion.
There are two lines of stele house in the lobby and it runs along the length of the pagoda. At the left side and at the back of the lobby, there is a five-room house which is used for the worshipping place of the Buddhist priest Chuyet Chuyet, Minh Hanh. There are towers beside this house which are the tomb of the nun, Bao Nghiem tower, Ton Duc tower, Tam Hoa tower, Ni Chauotwer. The architecture of But Thap is also deeply marked by Chinese which are typically the stone bridge and Bao Nghiem tower.
But Thap Pagoda is the harmonically integrated between the architects and nature. People of the past knew how to combine the landscape of the whole area to make that assimilation. There is theDuongRiveron the left of But Thap pagoda, Tam Dao Mountain and Phat Tich Mountain embrace it in the right. From the distance, we would see the center location of the sky and earth.
Another documentary heritage: My Son sites